Natural botanics consist of highly purified ingredients produced by plants through primary or secondary metabolism, generally called phytochemicals.
These bioactive chemicals play a role in plant growth or defense against competitors, pathogens, or predators, and have beneficial effects on health of human beings. Phytochemicals have the potential to prevent diseases and act as anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-cancerous and immunity-potentiating agent. Each class of functional agents consists of a wide range of chemicals with different characteristics.
Phytochemicals are subdivided into 16 main groups based on their chemical structures and characteristics. Such categories include Alkaloids, Anthocyanins, Anthraquinones, Glycosides, Coumarins, Flavonoids, Phenols, Saponins, Steroids, Tannins and Terpenoids. Within each category, a further division based on biogenesis or biosynthetic origin gives rise to different subcategories.